INDONESIA – NORWAY PARTNERSHIPS ON REDD+
The Government of Indonesia recognizes that unrestrained natural resource exploitation will undo existing development gains and render certain development goals unachievable. Neither do turnkey solutions for low carbon development exist. Thus, Indonesia continues to work to pioneer solutions for sustainable development. The commitment to balance and enable social equity, environmental health, and economic growth is clearly outlined within Indonesia’s National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJM-N) 2015-2019. These goals are underpinned by Indonesia’s unprecedented voluntary commitment to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 26% and up to 41% by 2020, with international support including the REDD+ Indonesia-Norway Partnership. Indonesia’s successful actualization of sustainable development, including the protection of its vast forests, is critical not only for its own national development and wellbeing, but in its significant contribution to global climate change mitigation.
Phase 1 - Preparation
To this end, Phase 1 of the REDD+ Partnership between Indonesia and Norway persistently emphasized collaborative ways to create enabling conditions for sustainable development: Work to strengthen the nation’s geospatial infrastructure reinforced cross-ministerial collaboration. Information sharing under initiatives like the moratorium—and tackling unsustainable environmental exploitation through a Multi-Door Approach to regulatory due diligence and law enforcement—emphasised coordination and information sharing. Decade long participatory mapping efforts by masyarakat hukum adat (MHA) were integrated into the national One Map initiative. Key achievements include the release of the National REDD+ Strategy (Stranas) in September 2012, completing the groundwork for a Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system, the design and preparation of a Fund for REDD+ and the development of safeguards called Principles, Criteria and Indicators for REDD+ Safeguards in Indonesia (PRISAI).
Following the completion of Phase 1, the National REDD+ Agency was established through Presidential Regulation 62/2013 to ensure the continued implementation of REDD+ in Indonesia. The Partnership entered into an Interim Phase centered on building the institutional capacity of the REDD+ Agency. This ensured that the foundational work completed by the Working Groups of the National REDD+ Task Force (SatGas REDD+) in gathering baseline information, supporting the establishment of and monitoring the moratorium, and ensuring the overall body of knowledge from Phase I was transferred. The Interim Phase also included a portfolio of time sensitive issues including preventing forest and peat fires, implementing the Constitution Court Ruling No. 35/2012 (MK 35) recognizing the tenure rights of masyarakat hukum adat, land conflict resolution in national parks, and strengthening gender inclusion.
Integration into Ministry of Environment and Forestry, through a Transition Phase
In 2014, the newly elected Jokowi-Kalla administration laid out their priority agenda, Nawa Cita, and decisively integrated Indonesia’s on-going reforms for more efficient, transparent, and accountable government with the country’s commitment to achieve the “triple wins” of sustainable development: social equity, economic growth, and environmental sustainability. REDD+ serves a critical role in helping fulfil the prioritization on alleviating rural poverty and enabling development, emphasizing good governance and anti-corruption as keys to improve forest and peat land management, and supporting the shift towards low emissions development, a commitment reflected by the decision of the Administration to reduce fuel subsidies by 70% between 2014 and 2015.
Most markedly, these priorities resulted in merging the ministries of environment and forestry, and—through Presidential Decree No. 16 of 2015 issued on 21 January 2015—consolidating ad hoc climate change related institutions—including the REDD+ Agency and the National Climate Change Council (DNPI), previously responsible for representing Indonesia at the UNFCCC—under the new Directorate General for Climate Change Control (DG-CCC) within the new Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF).
For the Indonesia-Norway Partnership, this means continued implementation is lead by a new Directorate General, where it is understood that REDD+, as a multi-sector programme, will be mainstreamed in policies and plans across several Directorate Generals (Echelon I) within the ministry, as well as with the requisite engagement of other relevant ministries. The new, more streamlined bureaucracy has the potential to ensure better coordination of climate change issues by one mandated body, including REDD+.
The integration of the former National REDD+ Agency into the new directorate general includes responsibility for overseeing the entirety of the former Agency’s mandate, namely coordinating, synchronising, planning, facilitating, managing, monitoring, supervising, and controlling the implementation of REDD+ in Indonesia and ensuring the following:
- Decrease greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions due to deforestation;
- Reduction of emissions from degradation of forest and peat lands;
- Maintenance and enhancement of forest carbon reserves through conservation, sustainable forest management and rehabilitate and restoration of degraded forest land; and
- Improvement in environmental quality, biodiversity, and welfare of local communities and masyarakat hukum adat (MHA).
While the integration of the REDD+ Agency into the new Directorate General delayed the start of Phase 2, this period has been instrumental to ensure thorough handover of the functions and responsibilities of the former REDD+ Agency to the DG-CCC.
The Interim Phase remains the implementation platform of the Partnership for nine (9) more months. Under this arrangement, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry is mandated to establish both a REDD+ funding instrument and the mechanism for Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV).
The Interim Phase will also focus on providing technical support to the MoEF on six priority REDD+ programs based on the foundational work completed in Phase 1 and by the former National REDD+ Agency, and in line with the objectives of Indonesia’s National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJM-N) 2015-2019. These are:
- Forest and Peat fire prevention in fire prone provinces;
- Law enforcement, Legal review of licenses and compliance audit for fire management;
- Improvement of community welfare and sustainable land and forest management through social forestry;
- Resolution of land-related conflicts;
- Participatory mapping of territories by masyarakat hukum adat and local communities; and
- Institutional strengthening, stakeholder engagement and awareness raising on related social, economic, and environmental issues for the preparation of Phase 2
It is fitting, thus, that the continued execution of the Partnership is paralleled with the consolidation and growth of a host institution within the Government of Indonesia whose potential is commensurately ambitious. The challenge now—as ever—is to translate ambition into reality, and further expand Indonesia’s institutional and operational capacity to achieve REDD+ at scale, and in a manner that leads to measurable and verifiable financial value with benefits that are equitably shared.
Evidence points to the positive impact of the Partnership to date. Indonesia’s annual tree cover loss declined in 2013 to the lowest point in almost a decade with 1.04 million hectares per year, according to new high-resolution satellite-based maps released by Global Forest Watch, a partnership led by the World Resources Institute. From 2011-2013 Indonesia’s average tree cover loss was 1.6 million hectares per year, indicating the past decade’s surge may have now plateaued. This is an encouraging sign that Indonesia is implementing the reforms necessary to achieve emissions reduction targets by 2020. Still, the road ahead remains challenging: tree cover loss remains high compared to other nations, with Indonesia ranking fifth amongst all countries for the period of 2011-2013.
- To report the achievement and lesson learned from the 5 years of REDD+ implementation under the REDD+ Partnership between Indonesia and Norway
- To get lessons learned and inputs from REDD+ stakeholders
- To discuss the REDD+ Agenda moving forward
C. THE ARRANGEMENT
- The event will be held on the 4th December 2015
- Time : 16.30 – 18.00 local time
- Venue : Indonesia Pavilion
- The presentation will be conducted in a panel discussions, which consists of several speakers from:
- Government of Indonesia : Ms. Nur MasrIpatin, DG for Climate Change Control
- Government of Norway : Mr. Per Fredrik Ilsaas Pharo, Director – NICFI
- Indonesia CSO : Ms. Monica Tanuhandaru, Kemitraan
- Norway CSO : Mr. Nils Herman Ranum, Rainforest Foundation Norway
- Indonesia IP Reps. : Mr. Abdon Nababan, SG of AMAN
- Indonesia Private Sector : Mr. Dharsono Hartono, KADIN
- Moderator : Mr. Mario Boccucci, UN-REDD
- Presentation will focused on the review of the last 5 years of REDD+ Partnerships Implementations and moving into phase II of the LOI. The discussion will be on both government’s plan in moving the REDD+ Agenda forward and receive inputs/recommendations and listen for expectations from various stakeholders (NGO, CSO, Adat Community, and Private Sector).
D. THE GOI PRESENTATION
Section 1 : Background
The Presentation will focus on a transition arrangement of the Partnership, which will build on the achievements of the results of the first phase, while preparing the start of Phase 2 (2016-2018) of the Partnership in 2016. With the disbandment of the REDD+ Agency earlier in 2015, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry must now continue to honor previous commitments entered into during REDD+ Interim Phase, while putting in place the remaining elements of the REDD+ architecture required for Phase 2. The transition toward Phase 2 presented in this Programme Design Document serves this dual purpose. Over the course of nine months of implementation (est. by end June 2016) and after delivering the key programmatic and operational results, institutional arrangements and capacity will be in place for Indonesia to move into the Phase 2 of the Partnership for REDD+, with the support of the continued support of the Norwegian Government and of UNDP.
- Transitioning into Phase 2
Phase 2 aims to ensure Indonesia is on track to achieve its commitment to reduce emissions from land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF), including peat lands, by 2020. This means building and enabling institutions to establish, track, and verify reference emissions levels at project, sub-national, and national scales, the latter against which results-based payment within the Partnership will be made in Phase 3. By the end of Phase 2, Indonesia will have a Measurement Reporting and Verification (MRV) system in place following IPCC Tier 2 reporting standards, which should enable the country to show GHG emissions reductions and to quality these, based on a Forest Reference Emissions Level (FREL) to enable performance-based payments from independently verified greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions at national level.
- The Transition Arrangement
The transition arrangement toward Phase 2 will use the ongoing REDD+ Interim Phase project supported by UNDP to accelerate progress REDD+ implementation, compile and move forward activities initiated by the National REDD+ Agency and prepare for the start of Phase 2. The transition toward Phase 2 will be the implementation platform of the Partnership for an extended period of at least nine (9) months, pending approval of the expanded program outlined in Section 2 ‘Programmes and Strategy’ and its ‘Results Chain, Theory of Change and Results Framework’ in Section 3. Under this arrangement, the DG-CCC will put in place the necessary measures for the start of Phase 2, especially to establish both a REDD+ funding instrument and the mechanism for Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV), ensure that safeguard mechanisms are in place and, if required, that the National REDD+ strategy is revised. The transition toward Phase 2 will also see technical support to the MoEF on five priority REDD+ programs based on the foundational work completed in Phase 1 and by the former National REDD+ Agency, and in line with the objectives of Indonesia’s National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJM-N) 2015-2019.
Section 2 : Moving Forward
The Partnership will deepen its role to be a critical enabler to emerging national and subnational champions for REDD+ including ministries and provinces who have already developed their provincial REDD+ strategies, have shown ownership over REDD+ by integrating its principles in their spatial planning process and are committed to preventing forest and peat fires. The work at district level, following law No. 23/2014, will focus on those district governments with budgets allocated for participatory community mapping, grassroots organisations that have supported low carbon development, to effectively address drivers of deforestation, acknowledge ‘adat’ communities to allow for community tenure rights and adjust their spatial plan to allow for protection of high carbon value landscape. The transition toward Phase 2 will ensure that existing partners are supported to expand their ambitions for sustainable development, and that new partners can emerge with the deepen the support-base for REDD+.
From a regulatory point of view, it is crucial that Indonesia puts in place the remaining elements of the architecture for the Partnership to move into Phase 2. For this, Indonesia will submit a first-step Forest Reference Emissions Level (FREL) or Forest Emissions Level (FRL) to the UNFCCC for technical assessment; test and initialize implementation of policies and measures (PAMs) set out in national REDD+ strategies or action plans; and report results through a technical annex of their Biennial Update Report (BUR). Countries will also need to develop their National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) and a Safeguards Information System (SIS) and Indonesia will follow suit. A funding instrument for Phase 2 will also be established during the transition toward Phase 2, based on the previous recommendations made by the REDD+ Agency.
Undoubtedly, the pragmatism that has underlined the Partnership from its inception recognises the serious challenges that continue to buoy business-as-usual, as well as the complexities that often arise in Indonesia’s nascent democracy. The Partnership remains an unwavering commitment to ensure REDD+ materializes as an inclusive mechanism to bring the priorities of Indonesia’s marginalised rural populations forward, and realise the country’s aspirations for a more equitable, sustainable, and prosperous future.
E. AGENDA (TENTATIVE)
|16.30 - 16.35||Setting the Scene||Moderator|
|16.35 - 16.45||Review of the REDD+ Partnership and Moving Forward||Ms. Nur Masripatin, Dir. Gen. Climate Change Control|
|16.45 – 16.55||Norway’s Commitment in the REDD+ Agenda||Mr. Per Fredrik Ilsaas Pharo, Director, NICFI|
|16.55 – 17.05||How CSO could contribute in Strengthening the REDD+ Agenda||Ms. Monica Tanuhandaru, Exec. Director of Kemitraan|
|17.05 – 17.15||How CSO could contribute in Strengthening the REDD+ Agenda||Mr. Nils Herman Ranum, Rainforest Foundation Norway|
|17.15 – 17.25||Inputs and expectations from National Adat Communities||Mr. Abdon Nababan, Sec. Gen. of AMAN|
|17.25 – 17.35||Private Sectors contributions in National REDD+ Program||Mr. Dharsono Hartono, Reps. Private Sector/KADIN|
|17.35 – 17.55||Discussions – Q&A||Participants|
|17.55 - 18.00||Closing||Moderator|
Dr. Nur Masripatin is the Director General of Climate Change, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Indonesia.
She has been engaged in climate change negotiations for many years and has been the Lead Negotiator for REDD+ and LULUCF issues for Indonesia in UNFCCC meetings for the past few years. She is currently also the National Focal Point of Indonesia to UNFCCC. At the regional level, she has been a Coordinator of ASEAN Regional Knowledge Network on Forest and Climate Change (ARKN-FCC). Before taking up the current assignment she has been actively involved in numerous works related to REDD+ and Climate Change, and held multiple leadership roles, including as a deputy within the REDD+ Agency of Indonesia and director for research and development centre. In the past she was well-acknowledged as one of the key actors in the early establishment of REDD+ in the country at national level, as well as in the continuous process of negotiation for REDD+ at international level. She was also the Lead Author of Indonesia REDD+ Readiness Strategy and the FCPF –REDD+ Readiness Plan.
Per F. I. Pharo is Director of the Government of Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative, at the Norwegian Ministry of Environment.
Having served in that function since October 2011. He has been with the initiative as deputy director since its inception in 2008, when it was set up to deliver on Norwegian prime minister Jens Stoltenberg’s Bali promise to spend up to 3 billion Norwegian kroner annually to contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries. Basic info on the Initiative can be found on The Norwegian Governments webpage about the Climate and Forest Initiative. Previously, he has worked at McKinsey & Company’s Oslo office, at the Norwegian Ministry of Defense on security policy, defense policy and defense transformation, and as a researcher at the Norwegian Institute of Defense Studies. He has a Candidatus Philologiae degree in history from the University of Oslo, Norway, and a BA in international and US politics and history from Augustana College, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA.
Abdon Nababan is secretary general of Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara (AMAN)
A network of 2,253 indigenous groups across Indonesia. He has led successful campaigns to earn greater recognition for indigenous peoples’ rights, with a special focus on land and forest rights.
Mr. Abdon Nababan was elected to the position of Secretary General of Indigenous Peoples' Alliance of the Archipelago (Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara – AMAN) at the third Congress of the Indigenous Peoples of the Archipelago (Kongres Masyarakat Adat Nusantara – KMAN) in 2007 for a five-year term. In 2012 at the fourth Congress, he wasreelected to the position of Secretary General for a subsequent five year term until 2017. Before leading AMAN, Mr. Nababan worked with civil society activist groups in the interests of protecting and recognising the rights of indigenous peoples.
He was the Coordinator of the Steering Committee at Network for the Defence of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Jaringan Pembelaan Hak-hak Masyarakat Adat – JAPHAMA), a network of Indonesian non-government organisations defending indigenous peoples’ rights. JAPHAMA was one of the key groups that convened the first KMAN where AMAN was established. Mr. Nababan was the Vice Chairman of the Committee of the first KMAN in 1999, Chairman of the Committee of the second KMAN in 2003 and the Vice Chairman of the Steering Committee of the third KMAN in 2007. In addition to his role as Secretary General, Mr. Nababan also holds a number of other positions at non-government organisations including Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Yayasan Setara / NTFP, an organisation that aims to encourage sustainable production and environmental protection, Chairman of the Council of Forest Watch Indonesia (FWI) and advisor at the Samdhana Insitute.
Dharsono Hartono, is the Deputy Head of Permanent Commitee for Forestry, Sustainable Conservation and Climate of KADIN Indonesia.
Dharsono Hartono has more than 10 years experience in financial consulting and investment banking with leading global institutions including PriceWaterhouseCoopers and JP Morgan in New York. Mr Hartono’s experience includes mergers and acquisitions, debt management and financing, and capital raising.
Mr Hartono is the president director of PT Rimba Makmur Utama (RMU), a company that is currently working on a REDD+ project affecting more than 200,000 hectares of peat swamp forest in the districts of Kotawaringin Timur and Katingan in Central Kalimantan, known as the Katingan Peat Conservation and Restoration Project. He is responsible for overall management, financing and marketing. In the past few years, Mr Hartono has been expanding PT RMU’s international network through his participation in various international forums.
Monica Tanuhandaru is the new elected as seventh Executive Director of the Partnership in October 2014.
She was previously Officer in Charge – Country Manager United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Indonesia (UNODC). At the same institution, she served as Program Coordinator for the Project Support Indonesia’s Fights Against Corruption, a program to support KPK (Indonesian Anti Corruption Commission), law enforcement agencies, Indonesian National Police (POLRI), AGO, FIU, BPK, National Planning Agency and civil society in combatting corruption, a cooperation supported by the European Union and Norwegian Government.
She was a Consultant to Indonesian National Police and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, on the improvement of police integrity, accountability, transparency and oversight mechanism in 2010, and Program Coordinator, in a six-year police reform and security sector reform program of International Office for Migration (IOM) and Indonesian National Police, a nation-wide program funded by the Dutch Government and the European Commission, a fundamental support to the Indonesia National Police reform process and Aceh peace process (2004-2010)
Mr. Nils Hermann Ranum, Director for Policy Division, Rainforest Foundation Norway
NILS HERMANN RANUM is the head of RFN’s policy and campaign division. Rainforest Foundation Norway (RFN) is one of the world's leading organisations in the field of rights-based rainforest protection. He has been working with RFN since 2001 and is in charge of RFN’s work on climate policies and REDD+. His educational background is in history and human geography.
As the Head of the UN-REDD Programme Secretariat, Mr. Mario Boccucci brings with him 20 years of experience with international organizations on operational and policy work focused on sustainable management of terrestrial ecosystems, forest management, governance of natural resources, biodiversity, land uses and climate change mitigation and adaptation. Prior to joining the UN-REDD Programme Secretariat in Geneva in January 2013, Mario was Chief of the Terrestrial Ecosystems Unit with UNEP, stationed in Nairobi, where he was responsible for the development and operationalization of strategies for forests, agriculture, drylands, mountains, and REDD. Prior to joining UNEP in 2008, Mario worked with the World Bank as Senior Climate Change and Forests Specialist, and previously with the European Commission working on natural resources management and rural development.
Mario’s experience spans across the wide spectrum of REDD+ issues, in the field, in country offices, and at headquarters. His first job was with FAO in Belize on monitoring and assessment of land cover, followed by remote sensing work on land suitability in Morocco. Mario then joined the European Commission covering the South Pacific, based in Fiji, where he developed and supervised wide-scale programs for agricultural development, participatory land use management and stakeholder engagement. Whilst with the World Bank, Mr. Boccucci was based in Indonesia and in Washington DC where, among other things, he supported the development of the Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (FLEG) and REDD+ processes, as well as forest investment strategies. During his four years in Nairobi, Mario spearheaded UNEP’s work on REDD and efforts to connect the land and sustainable development agendas.